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Individual Strategies for Managing Privacy Risk
Banking. Ask the manager at your local branch to help you download the app and go into your account. In case of doubt, ask for assistance before moving further.
Laptop camera. Increase your privacy online by turning the camera off or putting a sticky note over the camera.
Take notes. Remember to take notes when learning something new so you can refer to them the next time you want to do online banking or purchase something.
Personal information. Avoid providing personal information by email or on the phone, if you do not know who is asking for the information or if you are contacted without prior knowledge. Do not share your passwords or give your date of birth.
Beware of unknown emails. If you are suspicious about an email you receive, contact the sender yourself. For example, if it is a business, check with them if the message you received is genuine
Passwords. Use highly secure passwords and frequently change your passwords. You can use a password book (e.g., a traditional notebook or encrypted excel file) to keep track of your passwords. Other options are keychain or password manager. Keep your password book secured, updated, and consider having a backup of your password book.
When scammed. Do not feel embarrassed if you are being scammed. It is very common. Be careful online and keep updating with news on scams from https://www.scamwatch.gov.au/ or https://www.snopes.com/). Subscribe to scam alerts such as Scamwatch Radar to help you recognise and avoid scams.
Social media. Be careful if you are going to share personal information on social media. If you are in doubt, do not post it
Relational Strategies for Managing Privacy Risk
Seek assistance. Ask friends and/or family members to help you to make your accounts safe and secure. Some tasks happen only once (e.g., install an anti-virus, install a password manager). Whereas other tasks are common and repetitive (e.g., signing in your email; using double authentication; updating your system). Ask family or friends to go slowly, explain it step by step and be patient with you. Take notes so you can practise your own
Social media. Consider asking knowledgeable friends or family members to explain and review your social media privacy setting with you. Make sure that your family members/friends are supportive and have plenty of time and patience for you.
Courses. Join ICT courses for beginners developed for older adults. Ask for classes that discuss scams, privacy and security issues. Discuss your issues with tutors and learning buddies.
Be wary. If you are suspicious of anything, stop and find someone to ask. If you receive a suspicious email from your bank, financial institution, or accountant, call them and check if the email is valid. If you receive unusual email/message from your friends, phone them to check.
Banking and financial institutions. Contact your bank if you are suspicious that you are being scammed immediately. Banks can stop transactions in your account and prevent you from losing money.
Strategies to Managing Perceived Privacy Risk
Privacy risk is aligned both with the person’s ICT ability and the person’s confidence to overcome the perceived risk and try to engage with the digital device. There are individual strategies people can do themselves to manage this risk, as well as relational strategies which consider the role of social influence on a person’s ability to try new things and interact with ICT.
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